Photographer's Note

Are sea lions endangered? Look here for the answer.

And here for a great restaurant owned by a fisherman’s coop. It serves really fresh seafood with locally grown organic vegetables and a harbor view. The preparation is innovative and the price is reasonable at about $12 for a meal.

The word pinnipedia translates from Latin as "feather or fin foot," referring to their often large fin-like flippers. All pinnipeds must come ashore to breed, give birth, and nurse their young. Seals, sea lions, and walruses are taxonomically related to other carnivores, including bears, dogs, raccoons, and weasels (including otters).

Status of Pinniped Species: All pinnipeds are protected under the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA); some may be designated as"depleted" under the MMPA. Endangered and threatened pinnipeds are further protected under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).
There are three families of pinnipeds; they include; Phocid seals such as elephant seals, several ice seals, monk seals, and harbor seals. All of these seals have rear flippers that point backwards, and they move on land with a vertical undulating motion called "galluphing." They lack external ears and use their hind flippers for propulsion through the water.

Otariids, including fur seals and sea lions, have external ear flaps (hence the name "eared seals"). Sea lions and fur seals can rotate their hind feet forward and move with considerable speed. Otariids are also known for having dense fur that traps air to aid in insulation. They use large, fore flippers for locomotion in the marine environment.

Walruses, the only member of the family Odobenidae, are currently found in both Pacific and Atlantic Arctic ice pack areas, but in colonial times they were found as far south as Sable Island off Nova Scotia. They move in a similar fashion to otariids. One of their most distinctive features is their tusks. They are also known for nearly hairless skin and thin blubber. Similar to phocids, walruses lack external ears. Similar to otariids, walruses can rotate their pelvis so that their hind limbs are under the body. In the water, walruses use either fore flippers (like otariids) or hind flippers (like phocids) for propulsion. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) has jurisdiction over walruses.

Photo Information
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Additional Photos by Pat Lim (plimrn) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3999 W: 226 N: 6734] (21344)
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