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Tulum is the site of a Pre-Columbian, Mayan walled city serving as a major port for Cobá . The ruins are located on the east coast of the Yucatán peninsula on the Gulf of Mexico in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico.

Tulum is also the Mayan word for fence,trench or wall and the walls surrounding the site allowed Tulum fort to serve as a defense against an invasion. From the numerous depictions in murals and other works around the site, Tulum appears to have been an important site for the worship of the Descending God.

While an inscription dated 564 has been found at the site, most of the structures now visible were built in the Post-Classic Era, between about 1200 and 1450. The city remained occupied through the early years of the Spanish conquest of Yucatán, but was abandoned in by the end of the 16th century.

The only Mayan archaeological site to be in use at the time of the Spanish conquest, Tulum, sits on 15-meter high cliffs above the sea.

Tulum was surrounded on three sides by a rock wall, which may have been for defense, and protected on the eastern side by the sea. The chief structure of Tulum, El Castillo (The Castle) sits on a high point of the site, facing the ocean. Reefs just off the coast make entry into Tulum difficult, and it’s theorized that one of the purposes of El Castillo was to act as a lighthouse and guidance system for boats.

Tulum has easily-accesible, beautiful beaches, so you can have a refreshing swim after exploring the site.

The photo was made with a Hoya polarizer and -1/2stop

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Additional Photos by ANDREA FEDERICI (presidente) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 74 W: 0 N: 160] (1122)
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