Photographer's Note

This photograph was taken in Kucukyali at İzmir...

İzmir (Ottoman Turkish: إزمير İzmir, Greek: Σμύρνη Smırnē, Italian: Smirne, Ladino: Izmir, without the Turkish dotted I) is the third most populous city of Turkey and the country's largest port after İstanbul. It is located in the Gulf of İzmir, by the Aegean Sea. It is the capital of İzmir Province. The city of İzmir is composed of 9 metropolitan districts. These are Balçova, Bornova, Buca, Çiğli, Gaziemir, Güzelbahçe, Karşıyaka, Konak and Narlıdere. Each district, and often also the neighborhoods within, possesses distinct features and a particular temperament (for detailed infomation, see the articles on these districts). The 2000 population of this urban zone was 2,409,000 and the 2005 estimate is 3,500,000.

İzmir is also home to Turkey's second largest Jewish community after Istanbul, still 2,500 strong.[5] The community is still concentrated in their traditional quarter of Karataş. The most famous figures the Jewish community of İzmir has produced are Sabbatai Zevi and Darío Moreno.

The Levantines of İzmir, who are mostly of Genoese and to a lesser degree of French and Venetian descent, live mainly in the districts of Bornova and Buca.

Today, İzmir is Turkey's third largest city and is nicknamed "Occidental İzmir" or "The Pearl of the Aegean". It is widely regarded as one of the most liberal Turkish cities in terms of values, ideology, lifestyle, dynamism and gender roles. It is a stronghold of the political party CHP.

The city hosts an international arts festival during June/July, and İzmir International Fair in the beginning of September every year.

Modern İzmir also incorporates ancient cities like Ephesus, Pergamon, and Sardis.

There is one modern rapid transit line running Southwest to Northeast.

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Additional Photos by Salim Fikirkoca (sufi) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1705 W: 165 N: 1512] (9588)
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