Photographer's Note

This is a view of the Baghdad Kiosk from the Lower Gardens. Baghdad Kiosk was built to commemorate the Baghdad Campaign of Murad IV after 1638.

From 1508 till 1534 Baghdad was ruled by the Safavid dynasty of Iran. In 1534, the Ottoman sultan Süleyman I captured the city during the Ottoman–Safavid War (1532–55), which was confirmed in the resulting Peace of Amasya. However, 90 years later it was recaptured by Abbas I of Persia. Attempts of several Ottoman commanders to retake the city following 1624 were fruitless. In 1638 Ottoman Sultan Murad IV (Süleyman I's great-great-great grandson) decided to recapture the city. According to legend, only the sultan in-person could conquer the city. Murad was seen as a warrior hero and thus he undertook to campaign and regain Baghdad. He had been victorious against the Druze rebels a decade earlier and won a great victory at the Siege of Yerevan (1635) in 1635. The campaign was successful and the city was captured on 25 December 1638. After this victory Murad had two magnificent kiosks built in the Topkapi gardens, one for his victory at Yerevan and the other for his victory at Baghdad.

Baghdad Kiosk closely resembles the Yerevan Kiosk (see WS).

Exif Data:
Make: Canon
Model: Canon PowerShot SX70 HS
Software: Adobe Photoshop 2021 Macintosh
Exposure Time: 1/1000
F-Stop: f/4.0
ISO Speed Ratings: 100
Focal Length: 4855/1000 mm
Date Taken: 2021-05-26 07:32
Metering Mode: Center Weighted Average
File Size: 1634 kb
GPS: 41.014226399107606, 28.98459930565155

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Additional Photos by Murat Tanyel (mcmtanyel) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 7692 W: 302 N: 16592] (62763)
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