Photographer's Note

The ancient city of Aphrodisias, once the capital of the province of Lydia, is located near the village of Geyre. The name Aphrodisias is derived from Aphrodite, the goddess of nature, beauty, love and plenty. According to the historian Stephanus it was founded by the Lelegians and was first known as Lelegonopolis.The name of the city was later changed to Megalopolis, and later again to Ninoe after Ninos, the King of Assyria.

The history of the city can be traced back to the early bronze age and there is even clear evidence of a chalcolithic culture prior to the 3rd millennium B.C. The use of the name Aphrodisias began after the 3rd century B.C., in the Hellenistic period.The spread of Christianity under the Byzantine Empire and the gradual adoption of Christianity as the state religion resulted in a marked change in the status of the city. The cult centre of Aphrodite declined in importance to such an extent that the names Aphrodite and Aphrodisias were finally erased from all the inscriptions. Efforts were made to change the name of the city to Stavrapolis, the City of the Cross, but the local inhabitants preferred to use Caria. The name of the modern village (Geyre) is probably derived from "Caria".

Aphrodisias was one of the foremost cities of the age, surrounded by fertile fields. It also possessed a flourishing wool and cotton industry, highly developed commercial, political, religious and cultural institutions, tradition of arts and crafts, world-famous schools of philosophy and sculpture and a large and energetic body of citizens.

The decline of the city was hastened by a devastating earthquake in the 7th century.

The building in the photograph is the Tetrapylon,an ornamental gate constructed in the middle of the 2nd century.

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Photo Information
  • Copyright: Ozlem Tecer (Sehnsucht) Silver Star Critiquer/Gold Workshop Editor/Silver Note Writer [C: 31 W: 54 N: 33] (266)
  • Genre: Lugares
  • Medium: Cor
  • Date Taken: 2006-02-23
  • Categories: Ruínas
  • Exposição: f/6.3, 1/500 segundos
  • More Photo Info: view
  • Versão da Foto: Versão Original
  • Date Submitted: 2007-01-14 8:53
Viewed: 1277
Points: 4
  • None
Additional Photos by Ozlem Tecer (Sehnsucht) Silver Star Critiquer/Gold Workshop Editor/Silver Note Writer [C: 31 W: 54 N: 33] (266)
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