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Photographer's Note

One in a series of pictures taken on a long weekend in Seville, the capital of Andalucia in Southern Spain. A most beautiful city well worth visiting.

The Giralda is the bell tower of the Cathedral of Seville in Seville, Spain, one of the largest churches in the world and an outstanding example of the Gothic and Baroque architectural styles. The tower's first two-thirds is a former Almohad minaret which, when built, was the tallest tower in the world at 97.5 metres (320 feet) in height. It was one of the most important symbols in the medieval city.

The tower, an ancient minaret from the Almohad mosque of Seville, is constructed in several distinct parts from different cultures.

The copper sphere that originally topped the tower fell in an earthquake in 1365. Christians replaced the sphere with a cross and bell.

The statue stands 4 metres (13 feet) in height (7 metres (23 feet) with the pedestal) and has crowned the top of the tower since its installation in 1568.

The Renaissance section of the tower also contains a large inscription of Seville's motto, NO8DO. Alfonso X of Castile gave the motto to the city when it continued to support his rule during an insurrection.

Covering the top of the tower is the "Lily section" of the tower. This surrounds the enclosure with the bell.

The Giralda has several sister towers. The same architect, Jabir, who built the Giralda also built similar towers in what is now Morocco. The tower of the Koutoubia Mosque in Marrakesh served as a model for the Giralda and its sister, the Hassan Tower in Rabat. Several church towers in the province of Seville also bear a resemblance to the tower, and may have been inspired by the Giralda. These towers, most notably those in Lebrija and Carmona, are popularly known as Giraldillas. Several replicas of the Giralda have been built in the United States: one, now destroyed, in Madison Square Garden in New York and another in Kansas City. The clock tower of the Ferry Building in San Francisco is also based on the Giralda. The clock tower at the University of Puerto Rico's Río Piedras campus was also inspired by the Giralda.

In popular literature, The Giralda also plays a role in the Dan Brown novel called "Digital Fortress" (1998) - the tower is where David Becker finally kills his opponent, Hulohot.

The above information is courtesy of Wikipedea.

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Additional Photos by Stephen Nunney (snunney) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 10627 W: 63 N: 29874] (130967)
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