Photographer's Note

The Basin of Praid is situated on the East coast of the Transylvania Basin ("a huge salt cellar") at the base of Gurghiu Mountains, that forms a micro region so called "The zone of Salt Mines".

The geographical zone of the salt mines is unique in its way and the name of "The salt region" comes from the salt mine of Praid. The first document with this name appears in the XVIII-th century, where are inventoried the pastures from the zone. The Basin of Praid lays around the "Hill of Salt" that contains Praid village and the two another "salt villages": Ocna de Jos and Ocna de Sus. The basin has a triangular form and is oriented at the South to Corund village and at the north-west to Sovata. The basin of Praid is separated from the rest of Transylvania by the following hills: Sálas - Firtus (1062 m), Fiasmál ( 983 m ), the stone of Cusmed (991), the stone of Siklód (1025 m ).

The Hill of the Salt is called by the local people "salt back" (the highest point - 576m), covers the biggest salt body from the country, its roots are buried underground at 2,7 - 3km in depth. In horizontal section the salt diapir has an elliptic form, with diameters of 1,2 - 14km and in vertical section has a huge mushroom shape. This irregular form is a characteristic of the salt bodies from Transylvania. (for ex. the salt body from Ocna Mures). This salt settlement is one of the biggest from Europe. Its reserve could provide the salt need for Europe for hundreds of years in future. The salt from Transylvania Basin, as the salt from Praid is very old (Badenian inferior age - the middle Miocen age), something about 20 - 22 million years ago.The air is highly ionized, very effective in what the respiratory diseases treatment is concerned. Underground sanatoriums have been created here. The underground treatment was firstly held in the early 60es, in the Gh. Doja mine. In 1980, the treatment base was moved to the "50 horizon", which lies at 120m underground, its width is of 20m, height 14m and length a few hundreds of meters. On a 1250m distance from the entrance to the treatment base, the visitors are transported by the salt-mine buses.
During the summer season, the visitors of the mine outnumber 2500-3000 daily, i.e. approximately 230000 people during the months of June, July and August.
The salt-mine provides the following attractions:
underground halls with electricity supply, playgrounds for children, buffet, billiard-tables and an ecumenical chapel, all specially created for your relaxation.


Believe me,the underground trip was more exciting than this note:)!I had a hard time coping with the harsh light conditions,i had to use both higher exposure,(+1),and safety flash.Pictures aren`t very sharp so don`t be too harsh,i had no tripod to rely on or anything similar:).

Thanks for viewing and commenting:)!

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Additional Photos by Oana St (oanna) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 242 W: 72 N: 193] (1202)
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