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Félix de Avelar Brotero (Santo Antão do Tojal, Loures, 25 de Novembro de 1744 — Belém, Lisboa, 4 de Agosto de 1828) foi um botânico português. Em sua homenagem foi fundada a Sociedade Broteriana, agremiação científica que através do seu Boletim teve grande importância no desenvolvimento da Botânica em Portugal.
Avelar Brotero estudou medicina pela Universidade de Reims. Foi nomeado professor de Botânica e Agricultura na Universidade de Coimbra em 1791, e nessa qualidade passou a dirigir o Jardim Botânico.


Félix Avelar Brotero (1744–1828) was a Portuguese botanist and professor. He fled to France in 1788 to escape persecution by the Inquisition, and there published his Compendio de Botanica in order to earn his living. It immediately established his reputation as a botanist, and upon his return to Portugal in 1790 he was given the chair of botany and agriculture at the University of Coimbra. His two best known works, Flora lusitanica, 1804, and Phytographia Lusitaniae selectior, 1816–1827, were the first lengthy descriptions of native Portuguese plants. As director of the botanical gardens at Coimbra (Botanical Garden of the University of Coimbra) and Ajuda (Lisbon), he reorganized and enlarged them.
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Additional Photos by Ana Rita (AnaRita) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 136 W: 71 N: 204] (1741)
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