Photographer's Note

St. Kazimierz Church is a Roman Catholic church in Warsaw's New Town.

This building was originally a palace, the residence of Adam Kotowski but in 1688 it was purchased by Queen Maria Kazimiera Sobieska to be transformed into a church to serve the Benedictine Sisters of Perpetual Adoration of the Most Holy Sacrament, whom she had brought to Poland.

In 1688-92 it was transformed into a church-cum-cloister, to a design by the leading Polish-Dutch architect Tylman Gamerski. As was done with most of the buildings that were reconstructed after the Deluge, Tylman designed the church in Palladian style.

The significant additions in the second half of the 18th century were tombstones of the members of the Sobieski family - Maria Karolina Sobieska de Bouillon (the granddaughter of John III of Poland) and Maria Józefa Sobieska.

In the World War II, during the Warsaw Uprising, St. Kazimierz was used as a hospital. The nuns housed many civilians in the church and cellars and gave medical aid as well as they could. In August 1944 they decided to suspend their rules to assist wounded insurgents. Because of this decision the German military targeted the church and the cloister for heavy bombing. During a single raid on August 31, 1944, four priests, 35 nuns and over a thousand civilians sheltering in the church's crypt were killed. Sobieska's magnificent church and cloister were completely destroyed.

The church was reconstructed in 1947-53, but the Kotowski Palace was never restored.

Source: Wikipedia

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Additional Photos by Gosia Siudzinska (siudzi) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2782 W: 23 N: 4581] (34141)
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