Photographer's Note

City and territory of Brusy is a part of Kaszuby and Tucholsky Forrest (Bory Tucholskie). Brusy from centuries were important in Zabory (subregion in South part of Kashuby). People who live here are called Zaboraki Krëbany. Zabory was mention for the first time in Dukes of Pomerania documents as terra Sabor, terra Zaborensis. The meaning of this name is that this is territory behind the forests (in Polish "za borami") Bory Tucholskie. The land of Zabory comprising Dziemiany, Lesno, Brusy, Wiele, Karsin, Czersk, Swornegacie - historically formed a part of Gdansk Pomerania. In XII century under the reign of Dukes of Pomerania this territory was split into provinces called "kasztelania". The centre of Zaborsky Kasztelania probably was situated in Lesno. At the time of German Order (Order of the Teutonic Knights) 1309-1466 Zabory were added to Komtur Tucholsky therefore becomes part of Kingdom of Prussia. After buying by German Order situated in the vicinity town called Kosobudy and transferring there main seat of Zaborsky's lands administrators Brusy became subordinate to Kosobudy. In 1773 there have been established Chojnicky province and Brusy were a part of it. After renewal of independent Poland and adding to it Poland - Zaborsky were situated close to the Polish and German border. In 1945 Chojnicky province were added into Bydgosky province. And after 1999 administration reform now is the Pomeranian province. Name Brusy comes from word "brus" - millstone. The archaeological investigations gave us conclusions that people lived here already in Iron and Bronze Age. History of Brusy started in 1351 when they received village charter in Tuchola given by Konrad Vullekop in presence of Order Brothers, wojt and knights. For many years Brusy had servant duties for Kosobud - seat of wojt (local authority) from Teutonic Knights times. Civilisation promotion of Brusy in second past of XIX was connected with building in 1856 of macadam road and in 1902 railway Chojnice - Brusy. The village became more like town with many companies. Chorus and local library promote national culture. XIX century was also a time of national consciousness and activity of local patriots against germanization. Centre of the town with secession buildings and biggest brick church dates back those times. After renewal of independent Poland in 1918 Brusy was important centre of wood and tree processing and third resort concerning population in Chojnice province. In 1926 were established Italian mushrooms drier "Dominate" with whole production for export. Town charter in January 1988. Now whole province has 13 249 residents. Zaborian people are very proud from their little homeland, culture traditions and their own consciousness. As an result you will find here only in its kind Kashubian High School, Youth House of Culture and famous not only in our region Kashubian Folk Group Krëbane. Group is also organiser of Folk Festival.

sandip, Wolle marcou esta nota como útil

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