Photographer's Note

The Wieliczka Salt Mine, to the 1965 Zupa Solna, the oldest working salt mine in the world.

For over seven centuries in Wieliczka near Krakow is mined rock salt. Mine in Wieliczka is famous worldwide for its unique, historic, ornate workings, tunnels and underground rooms and the healing properties of salt mined here.

According to the derived relations to 1850 the mine employed 1500 miners. Daily operation lasted six hours Mined 180 tons per day of salt, or 120 kg per person during a shift. The salt was mined almost exclusively by hand. Cutting down salt crystals from the bed pickaxes. Around large blocks were taken a chisel groove, and then deepened it with one hand, thrusting wedges. This resulted in cracking and separation of solids from the deck. After separation of the solid bed was divided into smaller, uniform pieces, according to the wishes of some customers. From the wall of the pit mining salt transported in wheelbarrows. In some places, in caverns formed underground lakes and miners had to use boats. Output was pulled to the surface by means of the great turnstile, which also functioned as an elevator.

This is a scan of the negative.

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