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Nowica (additional name in the Lemko language; Нoвиця) - a village in Poland located in the Malopolska province, in the district of Gorlice, in the municipality of Ústí Gorlickie.

In Low Beskid can still find old Lemko homes, although in recent years many have been destroyed and replaced them generally ugly and not stylish brick buildings. Lemko huts called chyza, housed under one roof dwelling house, stables and economic. He was a great role barn loft. The entire structure has one major advantage: it protects against heat loss, which is very important in the harsh mountain climate. The building erected on the foundation of stones bonded with clay. Used for the construction of a half-logs, usually spruce or fir. Used log construction. The hut itself was large, under one roof, however, it was necessary to fit all utility rooms. Width of the house was thus 6 - 7 m, length reached up to 25 m. Frequently the roof were successively living area, stable, and pitch, the floor, where he kept the horse-drawn carriage. The residential has a wide front. It consisted of a chamber, alcove, hallway, and sometimes even the chamber, and the wealthier homes of the second chamber of the other side of the hall. House was detected rafter roof construction. The roof was high due to the heavy snow and the need for space for the large amounts of hay. At the edge of the roof were hoods that obscured much of the walls and improve the thermal properties of the building - protected the front of the wind. In addition, under the canopy of a wide belt remained protected from rain and snow. It was used as a transition between the parts of the building. You could also build it with boards and formwork arises from the wide awning. It was used as a storage place, additional warming hut. The roof was detected on the western Lemko shingles, the rest of the straw. The houses are generally no floor, only the clay floor. The windows were small, but numerous, so the lighting was pretty good. The door is done low to impede the outflow of fresh air from the chamber. Lemko huts were not rich decorations. There were no decorations carpentry, and painting the walls was common from the outside, sometimes only partially habitable. Often bleached cracks between the logs only, pre-filled with clay.

This is a scan from negative.

mohammad_H, jhm, maria-v1981, macjake marcou esta nota como útil

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Additional Photos by Jozef Zbigniew Napora (raszid62) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1797 W: 41 N: 3315] (18457)
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