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Montefranco

Montefranco looks down from its 414 meters of the Nera Valley, between olive groves and forests of pines and oaks. The old village, once surrounded by walls with towers, is now almost completely recovered, showing its beauty in a unique panorama and suggestive. Bufone remain of the old castle of Porta and Porta Franca Spoletina fully recovered and restored. He was born around the year one thousand on the clifftop overlooking the valley of the Nera River in a fortified position that represented a natural defense against the Saracens at that time infested the valley. In 1228 some men of Arrochar, to escape the domination of Rinaldo, who ran around in Val di Narca on behalf of Frederick II, came out of that castle and passed under the dominion of Spoleto Bufone on the hill that was given to them.
The release of these men caused vendettas and arguments over the possession of the goods from them and left the new country was a land for arronesi away, having been freed from their castle of origin. Hence the name of Montefranco. The new castle was always firm possession of the town of Spoleto in 1258, renewing the submission, was very favorable contract in return in which it was intended to divest in perpetuity Mount with every franchise and freedom, in addition to insurance defense against attack from part of hostile castles.
In 1264 Montefranco was occupied by troops of the Germanic and Muslim Percivalle Ghibelline Doria, immediately driven back by troops Spoleto. After the wave of the Ghibellines, Montefranco joined the confederation of the castles, led from the Abbey of San Pietro in Valle, did not renew their suddittanza in Spoleto. In 1338, after a long suit in the curia of the duchy, the castles were acquitted and obtained the grant of "Mere et Mixto Empire" or the exercise of all powers, political, administrative, fiscal and military.
In 1372 these rebel castles were again forced to submission of Spoleto, and in 1395 the Abbot of San Pietro in Valle Montefranco occupied. Flocked in Spoleto, and although lacking any leader, managed to drive away the attackers. The chronicles tell that Spoleto was not more than 300 soldiers against 1000 of Savelli.
The small crowd gathered on Monte Moro and defended himself valiantly, fighting with great courage. The dead were numerous on both sides until the evening, the two armies withdrew: Spoleto and Terni in San Mamiliano with Savelli Terni to devastating and burning everything up to Strettura.
In 1522 he participated in the Montefranco new uprising against the castle of Spoleto Valnerina until later Pope Paul V detached from Spoleto.
It was Pope Urban VII in 1627 riunirvelo opened in 1639 by the consular Flaminia towards Montefranco, Valnerina, Scheggino, Gavelli Monteleone and across the road called "Road of the ironworks", an event remembered in the village Arma di Papa from a kiosk and a plaque recently stolen.
In 1799 bands of insurgents who occupied Montefranco was liberated by troops Spoleto upon payment of a ransom of 700 crowns. After the Restoration he was joint second order ruled by a governor.

Lidka, ChrisJ, pierrefonds, ikeharel, papagolf21, PiotrF, PaulVDV, cornejo marcou esta nota como útil

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Additional Photos by Silvio Sorcini (Silvio1953) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 18518 W: 130 N: 39243] (210579)
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