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Photographer's Note

Fermignano is a city - 15 minutes from my house. In my opinion this place is quite distinctive, especially I liked the contrast between the old medieval tower and the chimney of an abandoned factory.

The origins of Fermignano (once Firmidianus) can be traced back lo about the 200 BC, the name probably deriving sists of the older Roman from a Roman legionnaire, Firmidio. In 207 BC the Roman Army battled the Carthaginians on a vast plain (now called San Silvestro) very near the present day Fermignano. The Roman bridge, which crosses the Metauro al a bend in the river, made this point strategically important. The city grew around the bridge and its importance was later underscored by the construction of a medieval tower - the symbol of Fermignano - guarding the crossing. Throughout Fermignano, traditionally under Montefeltro domination, one can see reminders of its ancient and more recent past. An unusual and unique city complex, often mentioned in architectural digests, rises next lo the river This architectural groupin consist of the older Roman Bridge, the medieval tower and an adjacent woollen goods factory (once a paper-manufacturing facility) - parts of the later being emblematic of ]9th century industrial architecture. From this nucleus, walking along the old main street (Corso Bramante) towards the towns maí'n solare (Piazza Garibaldi), visitors may stop to admire the beautiful portal of Palazzo Calistri on the right. Severalpaces beyond one sees an example of a once common 'porta del morto' (a narrow door near the main entrance of a residence opened up only in occasion of a death and subsequent funeral). The historical centre opens UP off Corso Bramante and winds through characteristic alleys and smaller courtyards and squares in one of which stands the old parish church of S. Veneranda. The earlier parish church of St. John the Baptist con be seen on the outskirts of the city. Other churches of importance in Fermignano are St. Silvester (San Silvestro in Iscleto), near Urbania and St. John (San Giovanni di Silvano). Paintings by Lazzarini andfollowers, once io be seen in the older S. Veneranda, have been transferred along with the church's crucifix io the more modern parish church built beyond the main square. A structure from the 1400's, evidenced by its gothic portals, stands next io the newer parish church. It should be remembered that at about a kilometre from the centre of Fermignano stands "l'Isola", Bonaventuras beautiful country villa surrounded on three sides by the Metauro river, hence the name 'Island'. In the summer of 1578, Torquato Tasso was a guest in the renaissance stvle villa and it was there that he wrote the poem 'Al Metauro'.Renaissance architect Donato Bramante (14441514) was born in Fermignano. Afterfirst observing the recent developments in architecture at the court of Urbino, he continued the work of Filippo Brunelleschi and Leon Battista Alberti ln developing the principles of the 'new' Renaissance architecture.

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Additional Photos by Igor Sadovy (ingvar) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 210 W: 98 N: 391] (2106)
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