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The Church of Panaghia Kapnikarea (Greek:Εκκλησία της Παναγίας Καπνικαρέας) or just Kapnikarea (Greek: Καπνικαρέα) is a Greek Orthodox church one of the oldest churches in Athens.

It is estimated that the church was built some time in the 11th century, perhaps around 1050. As it was common with the early Christian churches, this was built over an ancient Greek pagan temple dedicated to the worship of a female goddess, possibly Athena or Demeter.

The church is located in the downtown of the modern city of Athens, right in the middle of the high-traffic shopping area of Ermou street, at the edge of the Plaka district.

The meaning of Kapnikarea is not known. It might come from the name of the founder, or from that the donor was the collector of the Kapnikarea tax (chimney tax) in the Byzantine Empire.

The outer wall is decorated with geometric cloisonné and cufic motifs (this means imitation of arabic scripts).

WS1 and WS2.

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Additional Photos by Stella Leivadi (stelli) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 618 W: 92 N: 420] (3009)
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