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OLYMPIA, ruined ancient sanctuary, home of the ancient Olympic Games, and former site of the massive Statue of Zeus, which had been ranked as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Olympia is located near the western coast of the Peloponnese peninsula of southern Greece, 10 miles (16 km) inland from the Ionian Sea, near a point where the Alpheus (Alfios) and Cladeus (Kladios) rivers meet. Set amid an idyllic countryside consisting of low, wooded hills alternating with farmland, the Olympia archaeological site is of outstanding cultural significance. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1989.

The festival of Zeus, of which the Olympic Games were a part, was held there every four years from 776 BCE until the end of the 4th century CE, when the Roman emperor Theodosius I abolished pagan festivals. Theodosius II had the temples destroyed in 426; earthquakes further damaged the ruins in 522 and 551. Mudslides and silt from the Cladeus River eventually covered much of the area, helping to preserve the site.

In the main picture the known view of the Philippeion.
The Philippeion was an Ionic circular memorial in limestone and marble, a tholos, which contained chryselephantine (ivory and gold) statues of Philip's family: himself, Alexander the Great, Olympias, Amyntas III and Eurydice I. It was made by the Athenian sculptor Leochares in celebration of Philip's victory at the battle of Chaeronea (338 BC).

In Workshop1 - the entrance to the stadium.
In Workshop2 - The place where the Olympic fire is ignited several months before the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games.

Eleven women, representing the Vestal Virgins, perform a celebration at the Temple of Hera in which the first torch of the Olympic Torch Relay is kindled by the light of the Sun, its rays concentrated by a parabolic mirror. A female performer, acting as a priestess then presents the torch and an olive branch to the first relay bearer (who also is a Greek athlete) followed by a dove release to symbolize peace.

I observe that there is no special interest of Trekkers in the ancient heritage.
As usual, much better to see it in the large format.

jhm, holmertz, NickVu, PaulVDV, pierrefonds, ikeharel, COSTANTINO, ChrisJ, Royaldevon marcou esta nota como útil

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Additional Photos by Malgorzata Kopczynska (emka) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 13211 W: 141 N: 34293] (155592)
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