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The port city of Le Havre suffered catastrophic damage during the Second World War. Like other French coastal towns, the port fell under German occupation in 1940. Thousands of residents evacuated to refugee camps, to neighbouring towns and to makeshift shelters during this period.
Auguste Perret (1874–1954), a formative architect-turned-town-planner was commissioned to oversee the reconstruction of the city centre and town plan in January 1945.
Traditionally built on the moist soil of marshlands, the new grid of Le Havre was envisioned by Perret to be elevated by 3.5 metres of concrete. The use of reinforced concrete throughout the city’s buildings came to impose strength of character and dominance of the port.
Le Havre’s historical significance in urban planning and revolutionary architecture culminated in the site’s addition to the World Heritage list under the UNESCO in 2005.

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Additional Photos by Karine Zilbermann (KLB) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1175 W: 946 N: 3826] (23723)
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