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Photographer's Note

March 2nd, 2010
Saint-Chinian 340245 34360
Hérault Languedoc-Roussillon
43.428 2.946 119 m

Moulin du Rocher, Saint-Chinian

One view.
Other view.

The Moulin du Rocher, windmill of the rock, built at the 19th century, probably around 1852. Right from the start it was a mill for plaster.

In Hérault, at the 19th century, after the disappearance of the cereal cultures to the profit of the vine, the mills were often used to crush plants or minerals, like the sulfur used for the vines, or the blocks of gypsum cooked for the manufacture of the plaster, as in Saint-Chinian.
The Moulin du Rocher, which on a calcareous wall several kilometers overlooks saint-Chinian, was rebuilt in a corn mill from 2000 to 2001.

The windmills convert the kinetic energy of the wind into mechanical energy. It were used to actuate grinding stones, pumps, saws, etc...
The wings of the mill are supported by a tower, whose roof carrying the axis of the mill is directional in the case of the mill-turn.
If the whole tower is directional, one speaks then about mill on pivot or with candlestick. A typical mill of Anjou, compromised between the precedents, is called mill cavier. The orientation of the mill is done by pushing the tiller or tail of the mill.
The wings are generally in wood some and covered with canvas. The rotational movement of the horizontal axis of the mill is transmitted to a vertical axis by a whole of gears, the wheel, often manufactured out of wood of various gasolines chosen for their resistance.

Action, the Saint-Pierre-de-la-Fage windmill.

The windmill appeared in the East, Egypt and Iran. First mention of windmill in France, date of 1170, in a charter of the town of Arles. The Netherlands are probably the country which counted the greatest number of windmills.
The windmills were used incidentally as semaphores. Ansi, during the wars of the Vendée, the wings of the windmills of Mont des Alouettes indicated to Vendean the positions and movements of the republican troops.

SAINT-CHINIAN is a French commune, located in the department of Hérault of the Languedoc-Roussillon area, populated of 1777 Saint-Chinianais in 1999, distributed out of 23 km², that is to say 77 hab./km².

One finds near Saint-Chinian, schists 570 million year old, rich in trilobites fossil.
Secondary and Jurassic time, there remain fossils of dinosaurs, eggs and bones.
One finds dating from the prehistoric times, polished stone axes and megaliths.

The vine growing whose local orignine goes back to the 8th century, product of excellent wines A.O.C., "Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée", controlled designation of origin.

Mills, bridges, locks, dams.

Muse, dta, snunney, pierrefonds, Budapestman, danos, asajernigan, patdeph, Didi, Vasa, saxo042 marcou esta nota como útil

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Additional Photos by joel berthonneau (jlbrthnn) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 7168 W: 0 N: 22964] (76043)
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