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Photographer's Note

March 2nd, 2101
Nissan-lez-Enserune 340183 34440
Hérault Languedoc-Roussillon
43.290 3.129 20 m

Windmill of Balayé, Nissan-lez-Enserune

One view.
Other view.

Nissan-lez-Ensérune has, in the south of the village on a height of approximately 70 meters to 80 meters, three windmills, the “moulin de Delon” of 1671, the “moulin de Tiquet” restored of 1986 to 1992, and the “MOULIN de BALAYÉ”, end of the 18th century, restored from 1994 to 1996.
These mills were used to grind corn. When the vines replaced the fields of corn at the end of the 19th century, they were used to grind sulfur to treat the vine.

The top of the tower of the “MOULIN de BALAYÉ” 5.50 meters height, receives a conical roof of 3 meters which shelters the mechanism. and grinding stones of 600 kilos and 1000 kilos.

The windmills convert the kinetic energy of the wind into mechanical energy. It were used to actuate grinding stones, pumps, saws, etc...
The wings of the mill are supported by a tower, whose roof carrying the axis of the mill is directional in the case of the mill-turn.
If the whole tower is directional, one speaks then about mill on pivot or with candlestick. A typical mill of Anjou, compromised between the precedents, is called mill cavier. The orientation of the mill is done by pushing the tiller or tail of the mill.
The wings are generally in wood some and covered with canvas. The rotational movement of the horizontal axis of the mill is transmitted to a vertical axis by a whole of gears, the wheel, often manufactured out of wood of various gasolines chosen for their resistance.

The windmill appeared in the East, Egypt and Iran. First mention of windmill in France, date of 1170, in a charter of the town of Arles. The Netherlands are probably the country which counted the greatest number of windmills.
The windmills were used incidentally as semaphores. Ansi, during the wars of the Vendée, the wings of the windmills of Mont des Alouettes indicated to Vendean the positions and movements of the republican troops.

More on the windmills.

NISSAN-LEZ-ENSERUNE is french commune, located in the department of the Hérault of the Languedoc-Roussillon area, populated of 2907 Nissanais in 1999, distributed out of 30 km², that is to say 96 hab./km².

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Additional Photos by joel berthonneau (jlbrthnn) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 7168 W: 0 N: 22964] (76043)
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