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Photographer's Note

Mars 28th, 2007
Les Herbiers 850109 85500
Vendée Pays de la Loire
46.872 -1.016 100 m

Vendean symbols, les Herbiers. On top of Mont des Alouettes, Mount of the Larks, 232 m.

One sight.
Other sight.

Chapel Notre-Dame de la Vendée, Our Lady of the Vendée, 19th 20th centuries. Chapel built in 1823-1830 and 1962-1968, with the gifts of the Duchess of Angoulème, in commemoration of the victims of the WAR of VENDÉE.
A country of which I like to speak, the Vendée constitutes with Deux-Sèvres and Vienne, the historical Poitou.

Of the 7 windmills built at the 16th century, at the top of the Mont des Alouettes, 3 remain, of which only one still functions.
These mills were used during the Wars as Vendée to announce the movements of the republican troops to the Vendean armies.

The WAR of VENDÉE is a civil war from An I to An IV, (1793 and 1796), whose causes are mainly the law voted by the "Assemblée Constituante", "Constituent Assemnly", on July 12, 1790 imposing the civil constitution of the clergy applied in July 1791 and the law of February 23, 1793 voted by the "Convention" imposing the levying by conscription and drawing lots, of an army of 300 000 men. It was a confrontation with the paces of revenge and war of extermination.
A war which in four years caused more than 700 engagements and 23 pitched battles. The theatre of the war extended on almost the whole from the Vendée, one 1/3 of Deux-Sèvres, 1/3 of the Maine-et-Loire, 1/2 of Loire-Atlantique, that is to say a population of 800 000 people.
Convention issues in August and October 1793 in terms not very pleasing to destroy the Vendée Militaire.
From February 17, 1794 until the end of spring, the Thureau General organizes and implements with his "Colonnes Infernales", "Infernal Columns", a systematic raking of the territory destroying the goods and exterminating the people.
One estimates at 200 000 Vendean victims of the war including 40 000 charged to the "Infernal Columns" under often appalling conditions. Crimes.
War of Vendée.

Among the many generals of the Vendean armies, I like to quote Bonchamps, and Henri of Vergier, count of La Rochejaquelein, born on August 30th, 1772 in the department from Deux-Sèvres, in Durbelière, close to Châtillon-sur-Sèvre, not far from Bressuire, killed on January 28th, 1794, in Nuaillé close to Cholet in Maine-et-Loire, which galvanized its soldiers with his famous sentence:
"Si j'avance, suivez-moi; si je recule, tuez-moi; si je meurs, vengez-moi", “If I advance, follow me; if I move back, kill me; if I die, avenge me "

"Quand on veut rendre les hommes bons et sages, libres, modérés, généreux, on est amené fatalement à vouloir les tuer tous."
“When one wants to make the men good and wise, free, moderate, generous, one is fatally brought to want to kill them all.”

Anatole France.
French writer born in Paris on April 16th, 1844, died in the saint-Cyr-sur-Loire on October 12th, 1924.

LES HERBIERS is a french commune, located in the department of the Vendée of the area of les Pays de la Loire, populated of 13932 Herbretais in 1999, distributed out of 89 km², that is to say 157 hab./km².

My images of les Herbiers.

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