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La Croix-Rousse is a hill in the town of Lyon, France, as well as the name of a quarter located on this hill (divided into two halves - the pentes, which form a part of the town's 1st arrondissement, and the plateau, which is in the 4th arrondissement). It is 254metres at its highest point.

The quarter is heavily marked by silk industry; Lyon being the centre of silk manufacture in Europe at one time.

The quarter is called La Croix-Rousse (The Russet Cross) because of the cross the Christians put there in the 16th century: made in stone from Couzon-au-Mont-d'Or, it was reddish-brown in colour.

In Lyon, La Croix-Rousse is nicknamed la colline qui travaille (the hill that works) in contrast to the better-known hill to the east, Fourvière, which is known as la colline qui prie (the hill that prays).

The district started developing in the 18th century when the silk workshops moved here from the Vieux Lyons area. The canuts (silk workers) were subject to extremely poor working conditions. On account of these conditions, they staged many worker uprisings, known as the Canut revolts. The first revolt, in October 1831 is considered to be one of the very first worker uprisings.

(Source: Wikipedea)

The map reference is approximate only.

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Additional Photos by Stephen Nunney (snunney) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 10627 W: 63 N: 29874] (130967)
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