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Photographer's Note

January 6, 2007
Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert 340261 34150
Herault Languedoc-Roussillon
43.733 3.550 128 m

Sinkable and strengthened mill of Plancameil, said mill of the Tower, on Hérault river, 12th century.

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The Tower is surrounded of various buildings of the 18th century; turn of trapezoidal plan on five levels: room of flour-milling, attic, staff waiting room, pigeon.

Abbey of Gellone in Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert, had an important real estate of which the sinkable and strengthened mill of Plancameil, mill clothier in XVe and XVIIe centuries then mill with corn and fullers with XVIIe and XVIIIe centuries.

Guilhem is the Romance form of the frank name Whilhelm, (Whil: "will", helm: "the helmeted head").
Born towards 742, Carolingian Prince, first cousin of Charlemagne, grandson of Charles Martel, said "Guillaume d'Orange" or "Guillaume au Court Nez" in "the Epic of Guillaume d'Orange" "chanson de geste" telling its exploits against Buckwheats, also said "Guillaume fiérébrace", and also "Guillaume de Gellone".
In 790, Guilhem is named viceroy of Aquitaine at "Louis le Pieux" which is then old only twelve years. The thirteen following years will have passed to fight the Basques and Buckwheats and will lead into 803 to the catch of Barcelona, after, Guilhem will choose to deposit the weapons.
It is in the valley of Gellone, that it melts into 804 the monastery of Gellone. Guided in its advance by "Saint-Benoît d'Aniane", friend of childhood, founder into 782 of an important monastery with Aniane and reformer of the rule bénédictine.
It was withdrawn into 806 and died there on May 28 812. It is canonized in 1066 and becomes known then under the name of Guilhem saint.

Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert, in occitan Sant Guilhèm dau Desèrt, is a French common located in the department of the Herault of the Languedoc-Roussillon area, populated of 245 Saint-Guillaumois, distributed on 39 km², that is to say 6 hab./km².

Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert which counts among Plus Beautiful villages of France, is classified, since 1999, Grand National Site.
The abbey of Gellone, is registered today with the World Inheritance by the U.N.E.S.C.O., the title of the Ways of Saint-Jacob de Compostelle in France.

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Additional Photos by joel berthonneau (jlbrthnn) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 7168 W: 0 N: 22964] (76043)
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