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Mikulov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈmɪkulof]; German: Nikolsburg, Yiddish: ניקאלשבורג Nikolshburg) is a town in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic with a population of 7,608 (2004). It is located directly on the border with Lower Austria.

History
Mikulov was the site of the Treaty of Nikolsburg on December 31, 1621 during the Thirty Years' War. After the Austro-Prussian War, Count Károlyi began work on a peace treaty in Mikulov that led to the Treaty of Prague in 1866.

In 1938, the town had 8,000 (mostly German-speaking) inhabitants, but only a population of about 5,200 in 1948. The town's German population was expelled between 1945-46.
Also in 1938 Mikulov had 472 (mostly German-speaking) Jewish inhabitants, of whom only 110 managed to emigrate in time. 327 of Mikulov's Jews did not survive the Holocaust.
The most remarkable historic sights are Mikulov Castle of the Dietrichstein family and the Piarist College.

Mikulov
Country Czech Republic
Region South Moravian
District Břeclav
Commune Mikulov

Elevation 242 m (794 ft)
Coordinates 48°48′20.01″N 16°38′00″E

Area 45.34 km2 (17.51 sq mi)

Population 7,624 (2005)
Density 168 /km2 (435 /sq mi)

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Additional Photos by Csaba Witz (csabagaba) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 590 W: 167 N: 1409] (6638)
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