Photographer's Note

Rice is the staple food for more than half of the world’s population and is the main food source for seventeen countries in Asia and the Pacific and for eight in Africa. Within individual countries, there are key rice production areas which make a crucial contribution to national food security.
In Africa, a large proportion of the rice production is in Nigeria and Madagascar, who produce together over 50% of the rice produced in sub-Saharan Africa in 2004.
The total area of rice cultivated, and the overall production of harvested grain is much higher in South Asia than in sub-Saharan Africa. However, the amount of rice consumed is increasing more rapidly in sub-Saharan Africa and, unlike in Asia, the area harvested has also continued to increase during the past decade.
In Sub-Saharan Africa rice provided on average 8% of the total calorie intake. The proportion is much higher in some countries – for example Madagascar (49%),Guinea Bissau (41%) and Sierra Leone (37%). Despite increases in rice prices,consumption continues to increase in most African countries, in particular in urban areas.
Some rice varieties contain relatively high amounts of micro-nutrients such as iron and zinc and these are now being utilized in rice breeding programmes.
Employment in rice production and associated post-harvest activities is provided for 1 billion people worldwide.
Increased rice production in Africa will need to come from intensifying production in irrigated areas and in expanding and intensifying production in rainfed systems. The results from the research carried out in West Africa clearly indicate that large production increases are technically feasible and the key issue is how best to support the more widespread adoption of the recommended practices. This has to be addressed as part of broad policy initiatives at the national level to facilitate farmer access to credit and to inputs such as seed and fertiliser. The encouragement of
effective farmer organisations is also an important part of this process but experience with previous initiatives has not been encouraging.

Photo Information
  • Copyright: Alberto Piubello (albertopiubello) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 331 W: 41 N: 881] (2623)
  • Genre: Lugares
  • Medium: Cor
  • Date Taken: 2007-09-02
  • Categories: Natureza
  • Exposição: f/4.8
  • More Photo Info: view
  • Versão da Foto: Versão Original
  • Date Submitted: 2007-11-28 10:32
Viewed: 5155
Points: 42
Additional Photos by Alberto Piubello (albertopiubello) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 331 W: 41 N: 881] (2623)
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