Photographer's Note

Entrance to the mosque is all the way to the right then around the corner to the left. It is a historical place and visited by tourists of all religion. It is not the oldest but one of the oldest mosque in Cairo. Entrance to the mosque is open for all provided they are decently dressed (pants/skirts covering knee and below and shirts/tops covering shoulders with sleeves), will need to take off shoes while entering the mail prayer hall.

The Citadel - built in 1176 by Salah El Din to protect the city from crusaders.

The location, part of the Muqattam hill near the center of Cairo, was once famous for its fresh breeze and grand views of the city, and was fortified by the Ayyubid ruler Salah al-Din (Saladin) between 1176 and 1183 AD, to protect it from the Crusaders.

It is sometimes referred to as Mohamed Ali Citadel (Qalaʿat Muḥammad ʿAlī), because it contains the Mosque of Mohamed Ali (or Muhammad Ali Pasha), which was built between 1828 and 1848, perched on the summit of the citadel. This Ottoman mosque was built in memory of Tusun Pasha, Muhammad Ali's oldest son, who died in 1816.

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