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Qasr Amra (Arabic: قصر عمرة) is the best-known of the desert castles located in present-day eastern Jordan. The castle was built early in the 8th century (probably between 711 and 715) by the Umayyad caliph Walid I whose dominance of the region was rising at the time. The castle is thus one of the most important examples of early Islamic art and architecture.

The castle, which was used as a retreat by the caliph or his princes for sport and pleasure, is lined with frescos that depict hunting scenes (of mammals long since hunted to extinction in the Middle East), fruit and nude women. The castle also contains a bath complex with a triple-vaulted ceiling that shows a Roman influence.

Today Qasr Amra is in a poorer condition than the other desert castles, with graffiti damaging some frescos. However, restoration projects are underway. The well and water system can be seen.

Abandoned structure was re-discovered by Alois Musil in 1898. The castle was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985 under criteria i), iii), and iv) ("masterpiece of human creative genius", "unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition" and "an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates a significant stage in human history").

Transliteration from Arabic gives rise to many spelling variants including Quseir Amra, Qasr Amrah, Qasayr Amra and Qusair Amra. However, the proper transliteration is Quṣayr ʿAmra which means 'small palace of 'Amra'.

Source: Wikipedia

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