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Canterbury Cathedral.
The original cathedral built by St. Augustine was destroyed in a fire in 1067 and replaced by a large scale building by the first Norman Archbishop Lanfranc. An especially vigorous Archbishop, Anselm, replaced his predecessor's choir by an ambitious structure. It too, was gutted by fire in 1174, four years after Becket's murder, though the crypt and nave were spared. As the cathedral had become the most
important pilgrimage center in Northern Europe, the opportunity was seized to rebuild in a manner worthy of a martyr; both the choir and it's extension eastwards to the Trinity Chapel and Corona were built in an early gothic style which was to be of great subsequent influence in the development of English architecture. The work was started by the French architect William of Sens and completed by another William, "The
Englishman."The nave and cloisters were rebuilt in Perpendicular style in the 14C; the
transepts and towers, including the Bell Tower crowning the entire building, were completed in the 15C. The north-west tower was demolished in 1832 and replaced by a copy of the south-west tower.The great cathedral with it's soaring buttresses, pinnacles, and towers
above which Bell Harry rises to a height of almost 250 feet, is an impressive sight. The elaborate vaulting of the galleried Great Cloister (rebuilt ca. 1400) is ornamented with grotesque faces, religious symbols, and scenes of everyday life.

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Additional Photos by Krzysztof Dera (Fis2) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 12047 W: 164 N: 20281] (146580)
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