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The city of Évora is marked by the historic square in the Praça do Geraldo, where King Duarte constructed the Estaus Palace.

The square is home to the Henriquina fountain, dating to 1570, that includes eight jets symbolizing the eight streets that lead to the square.

At the northern end of the square is the Church of Saint Andrew (Portuguese: Igreja de Santo Antão) built by Manuel Pires, in the 16th century. A rather large church three-nave church, includes a valuable altar antependium from the 13th century in bas relief.

In 1483, Fernando II, the Duke of Braganza was executed in the square, in the presence of his brother-in-law king John II.

The square also witnessed thousands of autos-da-fé during the Inquisition; there were 22000 condemnations, during the course of 200 years. These were the rituals of public penance of condemned heretics and apostates that took place during the Inquisition. They were followed by the carrying out of the sentences previously imposed by the civil authorities.
The most extreme punishment imposed on those convicted was execution by burning. In popular usage, the term auto-da-fé, the act of public penance, came to mean the burning at the stake.

(Source: Wikipedia)

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Additional Photos by Stephen Nunney (snunney) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 9669 W: 63 N: 27202] (119985)
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