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Hi dear TE friends

Place: Sintra, near Lisbon

Region: Municipality- Sintra / Parish- Monte da Lua

Theme: Pena National Palace

To see: map view

The Pena National Palace is located in the town of Sintra, Portugal. The Palace is located on a high hill overlooking the town, being one of its most important tourist attractions. It is part of the Cultural Landscape of Sintra, recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Sintra is both a town and a municipality in Portugal, located in the Grande Lisboa subregion and the Lisbon Region. The town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site on account of its 19th century Romantic architecture.

The town of Sintra refuses to be promoted to City Status, despite being the center of the second most populated municipality of Portugal.

The palace's history started in the Middle Ages when a chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Pena was built on the top of the hill above Sintra. According to tradition, the construction occurred after an apparition of the Virgin Mary. In 1493, King John II, accompanied by his wife Queen Leonor, made a pilgrimage to the site to fulfill a vow. His successor, King Manuel I, was also very fond of this sanctuary, and ordered the construction there of a monastery which was donated to the Order of Saint Jerome. For centuries Pena was a small, quiet place for meditation, housing a maximum of eighteen monks.

In the 18th century the monastery was severely damaged by lightning. However, it was the Great Lisbon Earthquake of 1755, occurring shortly afterwards, that took the heaviest toll on the monastery, reducing it to ruins. Nonetheless, the chapel (and its magnificent works of marble and alabaster attributed to Nicolau Chanterene) escaped without significant damage.


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Additional Photos by Filipe Rocha (sacavem) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2467 W: 128 N: 3992] (18620)
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