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The origins of the city of Senglea go back to the early years of the occupation of Malta by the Knights of St. John. In the year 1550,Grand Master Juan D’Homedes entrusted the architect Pedro Pardo to construct a fort—later to be known as Fort St. Michael.
During the reign of grandmaster Claude de la Sengle the city started to take shape : the bastions encircling it were raised, and the first dwellings built. Subsequently, the same Grand Master named the city after him and called it SENGLEA.
During the epic Siege of 1565, Grand Master Jean de la Valette conducted the defence of the island, the Order and the whole of Christendom, against the might of the Ottoman Empire. In that siege, Senglea played an eminent role. Though repeatedly attacked by the Turkish hordes, the city resisted valiantly. For the epic and heroic stand, Senglea was decorated by Grand Master La Valette, with the title of ‘ CITTA INVICTA’ which means “The Unconquered City.”
The remains of its fortress (Fort St. Michael) ,the end to end bastions and the battlements and watch-tower overlooking the Grand Harbour, constitutes one of the Island’s prominent attractions.
During the British occupation, the Royal Navy took over the shipyard built by the Knights on one side of Senglea and developed it by extending it to the other side of the city. This in itself was beneficial to the welfare of Senglea: but it also ultimately contributed to its destruction. During World War II, the Dockyard was one of the main targets of air attacks over Malta, and Senglea, overlooking the dockyard, suffered terribly in that ordeal.
Though the Island was under constant attack from June 1940 up to August 1943, the blitz of January 1941, and that of April 1943, brought most havoc: the city of Senglea was practically razed to the ground, and had to be deserted by most of its inhabitants.
Most of the scars left by the war have now been healed, and the city is once again contributing its share to the development of Malta.

http://www.senglea.net/brief_history1.htm

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Additional Photos by Mirari Mirarer (mirarer) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 494 W: 0 N: 603] (4751)
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