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Photographer's Note

Eger is one of the most beautiful Baroque cities in Hungary. The centuries-old architectural heritage, the ecclesiastical treasures, the wine culture, the thermal baths and numerous cultural events combine to make Eger the most significant tourist centre in Northern Hungary.

According to some hypothesises the town was named after the alder ('éger') trees along the Eger Stream. This assumption is supported by the German Erlau/ Erlen-au (alder grove) name of the town.
Eger was among the first bishoprics created by St Stephen, the state-founding king.
In the early Middle Ages the town was situated on what is today known as Castle Hill. The stone castle built on the order of Béla IV in 1248 is today a fantastic piece of heritage and a museum.

The minaret is from the Turkish times
Eger gained its glory in its defence against the invading Turkish armies; in 1552 the advance of the conquering Turkish was brought to a halt here. Since then the town and its castle have been the symbol of firm resistance and fame; even though the Turkish managed to occupy the castle in 1596.
During the Turkish occupation the so-called Eger 'vilayet' (district) was formed. This was the official boundary of the Ottoman Empire's sphere of influence. Significant architectural Turkish heritage can be seen even today from this period.
After the withdrawal of the Turkish in 1687, the Jesuits, the Cistercians, the Minorites, the Franciscans, the Servites, and the Trinitarians started large-scale building operations.
The religious orders played a vital role in the town's cultural life. It was at this time that elementary and secondary education was started and ecclesiastical seminars and law and medical schools were founded. The first Teacher Training College in which the language of teaching was Hungarian was opened in Eger in 1828. The student town character of Eger exists to this day.
(Source: Vendégváró)

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Additional Photos by George Rumpler (Budapestman) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8900 W: 3 N: 20435] (82620)
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